Several important finds have propelled Ethiopia and the surrounding region to the forefront of palaeontology.
The oldest hominid discovered to date in Ethiopia is the 4.2 million year old Ardipithicus ramidus (Ardi) found by Tim D. The most well known hominid discovery is Australopithecus afarensis (Lucy).
Most people in the country speak Afroasiatic languages of the Cushitic or Semitic branches.
Additionally, Omotic languages are spoken by ethnic minority groups inhabiting the southern regions.
This new demonym would subsequently be rendered as ’ḥbs (’Aḥbāsh) in Sabaic and as Ḥabasha in Arabic.Nilo-Saharan languages are also spoken by the nation's Nilotic ethnic minorities.Oromo is the most populous language by native speakers, while Amharic is the most populous by number of total speakers and serves as the working language in the federal government.A substantial population of Ethiopian Jews, known as Bete Israel, also resided in Ethiopia until the 1980s.Ethiopia is a multilingual nation with around 80 ethnolinguistic groups, the four largest of which are the Oromo, Amhara, Somali and Tigrayans.
Tracing its roots to the 2nd millennium BCE, Ethiopia's governmental system was a monarchy for most of its history.