Late dating of the gospels
The proposal that they made up a unified work was first advanced by Martin Noth in 1943, and has been widely accepted.Noth proposed that the entire history was the creation of a single individual working in the exilic period (6th century BCE); since then there has been wide recognition that the history appeared in two "editions", the first in the reign of Judah's King Josiah (late 7th century), the second during the exile (6th century).This table summarises the chronology of the main tables and serves as a guide to the historical periods mentioned.Much of the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament may have been assembled in the 5th century BCE.To answer this question, scholars have to ask who wrote the gospels, when they wrote them, what was their objective in writing them, what sources the authors used, how reliable these sources were, and how far removed in time the sources were from the stories they narrate, or if they were altered later.Scholars can also look into the internal evidence of the documents, to see if, for example, the document is misquoting texts from the Hebrew Tanakh, is making claims about geography that were incorrect, if the author appears to be hiding information, or if the author has made up a certain prophecy.
This group of books, plus Deuteronomy, is called the "Deuteronomistic history" by scholars.But some of the language and theology point to a much later date, from an unknown author using Paul's name.c. The elegance of the Greek and the sophistication of the theology do not fit the genuine Pauline epistles, but the mention of Timothy in the conclusion led to its being included with the Pauline group from an early date.c. This is apparently the latest writing in the New Testament, quoting from Jude, assuming a knowledge of the Pauline letters, and including a reference to the gospel story of the Transfiguration of Christ. The references to "brother of James" and to "what the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ foretold" suggest that it was written after the apostolic letters were in circulation, but before 2 Peter, which uses it.The historical reliability of the Gospels refers to the reliability and historic character of the four New Testament gospels as historical documents.These include authorship and date of composition, The genre of the gospels is essential in understanding the intentions of the authors regarding the historical value of the texts.New Testament scholar Graham Stanton states that "the gospels are now widely considered to be a sub-set of the broad ancient literary genre of biographies." Charles H.
The fourth gospel, the Gospel of John, differs greatly from the first three gospels.